Dr. John A. S. Green, Maryland, USA
Director of Sustainability & Corrosion Science
John A. S. Green, PhD. FASM
Some examples of Dick’s consulting engagements include:
John Green has been involved with various facets of the aluminum industry for 40 years. This involvement has spanned
research, development, and technology, and more recently management and consulting activities. Areas of general interest
throughout his career have included:
- aluminum corrosion and mechanisms of stress-corrosion cracking,
- alumina quality and purity in refining,
- advanced cathodes and cell design in aluminum smelting,
- technical service and failure analysis,
- development of industrial Visions and technology Roadmaps,
- life cycle assessments and coordination,
- scrap sorting, recycling and aluminum sustainability.
Specific Technology Experience
For the past 8 years, John Green has served as Consultant to The Aluminum Association, The Metal Powders Industry
Federation, The Industrial and Transportation Offices of the Department of Energy, Secat and to some half dozen additional
organizations most of which are related to the aluminum industry.
For the prior 5 years (1996-2001), he was VP-Technology, The Aluminum Association, the trade association for the North
American industry located in Washington, D C. Here, in response to challenges from The Department of Energy, he was
instrumental in coordinating and developing the series of technology Visions and Roadmaps for the aluminum industry, and
for coordinating the response of the industry to the DOE Industries of the Future program. In total, he was intimately
involved in the production of some 7 vision and roadmap documents for critical aspects of the aluminum industry. As a
result, through ensuing technology solicitations, more than $100 million of cost shared R&D has been conducted to enhance
the energy efficiency of the domestic industry. In addition, he was also responsible for the coordinating the aluminum
industry Life Cycle Assessment at the request of US Auto Materials Partnership (USAMP, which involved General Motors, Ford
and Daimler Chrysler) and in conjunction with both the steel and plastics industries. This study highlighted both the
energy and environmental advantages of using light metals in automotive fabrication and assembly and anticipated the
considerable subsequent growth in the use of aluminum in automotive applications. This LCA study has since become the basis
of a global sustainability study being undertaken by the International Aluminum Institute in London. In addition, at the
Aluminum Association, he had overall responsibility for the promulgation of industry standards, health and safety issues,
university interactions, and general technology issues.
For the prior 29 years, he was with Lockheed Martin and its predecessor, Martin Marietta Corporation. During this period,
he was Director, Advanced Materials for Lockheed Martin for some 12 years, and before that, Director, R&D for Martin
Marietta Aluminum Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary company. Three critical projects during this period were the
development of Al-Li Weldalite alloys (AA2195) for cryogenic applications in NASA’s External Tank (saving some 5000 lbs.
weight in the overall space shuttle system) and Titan space launch systems; the conduct of a series of R&D contracts for
the Office of Naval Research to develop an understanding of stress-corrosion mechanisms in aluminum alloys; and the
development of TiB2 cathode coatings and sloping cell designs for low energy smelting cells. This latter smelting
technology was eventually acquired by Comalco in Australia (now Rio Tinto) and facets of the technology are now being used
in smelters in Australia and New Zealand.
John Green received his PhD from The Queen’s University of Belfast, N. Ireland in Electrochemistry, and conducted
Post-doctoral studies in corrosion mechanisms at both Mellon Institute, Pittsburgh, PA and at the University of Newcastle
upon Tyne, England.
Recognition and Awards
- He is a Fellow of ASM International and has published some 115 papers in fields of corrosion, materials science and
- Recently, he also edited a sourcebook on “Aluminum Recycling and Processing for Energy Conservation and
Sustainability” for ASM International
- He was awarded the TMS Leadership award in 2001, the JOM Award of the Light Metals Division of TMS for 1997; both
awards related to the development of industrial technology for the aluminum industry.
- Previously, he was awarded the A.B. Campbell Award of the National Association of Corrosion Engineers and the
Distinguished Young Scientist Award of the Maryland Academy of Sciences. He holds 2 patents in aluminum process
Key Publications and References
Visions and Technology Roadmaps
- “Industry / Government Partnerships for the Future”, Vision document for the Aluminum industry. Publ. by the
Aluminum Association, Washington, D.C. March, 1996. Coordinated by J.A.S. Green
- "Technology Roadmap for the Aluminum Industry", by H.S.Kenchington, J.L.Eisenhauer, and J.A.S. Green, JOM, Aug.1997,
- "Inert Anode Roadmap – Framework for Technology Development", publ. by the Aluminum Association, Washington, D.C.
Feb 1998. Coordinated by J.A.S.Green
- "Aluminum Industry Roadmap for the Automotive Market: Enabling Technologies and Challenges for Body Structures and
Closures", publ. by the Aluminum Association, Washington, D.C., May 1999, Coordinated by J.A.S.Green.
Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability
- "Life Cycle Inventory Report for the North American Aluminum Industry", Compiled by Roy F. Weston, publ. by the
Aluminum Association, Washington, D.C., Publication AT2, Nov. 1998. Coordinated by J.A.S. Green
- "Life Cycle Inventory Report for the North American Aluminum Industry – with emphasis on Casting and Rolling", by
Ken Martchek, Steve Pomper and John Green. Proc. of Int’l Conf. on Rolling and Fabrication, Baltimore, May 1999, publ.
by the Aluminum Association, p.395
- "Credible Life Cycle Inventory Data for Studies of Automotive Aluminum" by Ken Martchek, Steve Pomper and John
Green, SAE Conf. on Total Life Cycle -61, Detroit, April 2000, SAE 2000-01-1497, p.233
- "Recyclable Rolled Aluminum – Building Blocks for Sustainability", by John Green and Michael Skillingberg, Light
Metal Age, August 2006, p.33
- "U.S. Energy Requirements for Aluminum Production: Historical Perspective, Theoretical Limits and New
Opportunities", by William T. Choate and John A.S. Green, Nov. 2002 for U.S. Dept of Energy, OIT, publ. on OIT website
- vTechnoeconomic Assessment of the Carbothermic Reduction Process for Aluminum Production: Established versus Future
Technologies", by John Green, Final Report to DOE, ORNL under P.O.# 4000031177, May 2005; also with William Choate,
presented at TMS 2006, San Antonio, TMS Light Metals, p.445.
- "Modeling the Impact of Secondary Recovery (Recycling) on U.S. Aluminum Supply and Nominal Energy Requirements", by
William T. Choate and John A.S. Green, TMS Light Metals 2004, p.913-918
- "Aluminum Applications in the Rail Industry", by Michael Skillingberg and John Green, Light Metal Age, October
2007, p. 8-12.
- Sandy DeWeese, Shridas Ningelri, Subodh Das and John Green, "Stress Corrosion Cracking in Aluminum Beverage Can
Ends: Issues, Observations and Potential Solutions," publ. in JOM, May 2008, p. 50-57
- "Scrap Sorting of Automotive Shards" Annual Report of USAMP #232 submitted to DOE, by Adam Gesing and John Green,
Automotive Aluminum Alliance, 2002.
- "Recycling of Aluminum from Building and Construction (B&C) Applications", by Subodh Das, John Green, and J.G.
Kaufman, TMS Light Metals , 2008
- "The Development of Recycle-Friendly Automotive Aluminum Alloys", by Subodh Das, John Green and Gilbert Kaufman,
publ. JOM, Nov. 2007, p. 47-51
- "Aluminum Recycling – An Integrated, Industry-wide Approach," by Subodh Das, Gil Kaufman and John Green, TMS REWAS
meeting, 2008, to be publ.
Corrosion and Oxidation
- A.J. Sedriks, J.A.S. Green and D.L. Novak, "On the Chemistry of the Solution at the Tips of Stress-Corrosion Cracks
in Aluminum Alloys," Corrosion, 27,198 (1971)
- J.A.S. Green, H.D. Mengelberg and H.T. Yolken, “Oxide Growth on Copper and Alpha-Brasses in Aqueous Ammonia,” J.
Electrochem. Soc., 117,435 (1970)
- A.J. Sedriks and J.A.S. Green, "Stress-Corrosion of Titanium in Organic Liquids," J. Metals, p.48 (1971)
- J.A.S. Green, H.W. Hayden and W.G. Montague, "Influence of Loading Mode on the Stress Corrosion Susceptibility of
Various Alloy / Environment Systems," in Proc. Of Conf. on Effect of Hydrogen in Behavior of Materials, ed. by A.
Thompson and M. Bernstein, Sept. 1975, Moran, Wyoming, publ. AIME, p. 200
- J.R. Pickens, J.R. Gordon, J.A.S. Green, "The Effect of Loading Mode on the Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Aluminum \
Alloy 5083," Met. Trans., Vol.14A, p.925, 1983
- R.K. Viswanadham, T.S. Sun, J.A.S. Green, "Grain Boundary Segregation in Al-Zn-Mg Alloys – Implications to Stress
Corrosion Cracking," Met. Trans.Vol.11A, p.85, 1980
- J.A.S. Green, B.W. Gamson, W.F. Westerbaan, "Experience with Desalination Plants containing Titanium Heat Exchanger
Tubing." Desalination, 22 (1977) 359-368
Books and Patents
- Marcel Pourbaix, "Lectures on Electrochemical Corrosion" translated from the French by J.A.S.Green, publ. Cebelcor
1969; Publ by Plenum Press, New York, 1973; republished by Nat. Assn. of Corrosion Engineers, Houston, 1996
- "New Materials for Next Generation Transports", Publication NMAB-476, Nat. Academy Press, Washington , D.C., 1996,
by Committee on New Materials for Advanced Civil Aircraft, chaired by John Green
- "Aluminum Recycling and Processing for Energy Conservation and Sustainability", published by ASMInternational,
Dec.2007, Lib. of Congress #2007932444, 267 pages, edited by John Green.
- "Developing a Technical Roadmap on Automotive Lightweight Metals Recycling" Workshop Summary Report compiled for
DOE, Argonne National Laboratory by John Green under subcontract # 8F-02061, see ANL website, Dec 2008
- "Method for Removing Ferrous Iron from Alkali Metal Aluminate Liquor", J. A.S. Green and S.A.Loynaz, U.S. Patent
- "Low Energy Aluminum Reduction Cell with Induced Bath Flow", L.G. Boxall, B.W.Gamson, J.A.S. Green, and S.
Traugott, U.S. Patent 4,602,990.